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The Fascinating History and Qualities of the Hypoallergenic Curly Horse

Curly Horse: the Hypoallergenic Equine with a Fascinating History

If you’re looking for a horse breed that’s both visually striking and hypoallergenic, the Curly Horse might just be your perfect match. With its compact build, short back, and curly coat, this unique breed stands out from the rest.

But beyond its stunning appearance, the Curly Horse also has a fascinating history and holds genetic qualities that make it an ideal choice for people with allergies. Curly Horse’s Origin and History

Believed to have originated in South America, the Curly Horse’s history spans across continents.

It is said that Native American tribes such as the Sioux and Crow kept curly-coated horses, which could have given the breed its start in North America. However, the Curly Horse’s true origin is still a mystery.

Another theory suggests that Curly Horses were brought to Europe by Russian fur traders. These traders bred a sturdy and resilient horse with a curly coat that could withstand harsh winter conditions.

And as the demand for these horses grew, they eventually made their way to North America in the early 1900s. Despite its uncertain beginnings, the Curly Horse has been an American favorite for over a hundred years.

It has slowly become a popular breed for riders and equestrian events thanks to its gentle nature, intelligence, and impressive athleticism.

General Appearance of the Breed

When it comes to appearance, the Curly Horse stands out from the crowd. Its most prominent feature is its curly coat, which comes in a variety of textures and colors.

The trademark curls are tight and spiral-shaped, and spread throughout the horse’s body, including its mane and tail. In addition to its unique coat, their compact build and short back make them agile and resilient to weather changes.

They have a good-sized head with a strong neck, withers that are well defined, and shoulders that are muscular. Their back is short, and their body is balanced.

Genetics and Hypoallergenic Properties

The secret to the Curly Horse’s hypoallergenic qualities lies in its genetics. These horses possess a unique coat structure that contains fewer allergenic proteins, making them ideal for allergy sufferers.

A study conducted on Curly Horse genes showed that the breed has both dominant and recessive curly coat genes. Dominant curly coat genes mean that the horse will have a curly coat; however, there are two types of dominant curly coat genes “T” and “t”.

Horses with the “TT” genes have a tight and curly coat, while those with “Tt” genes have a looser and wavy coat. A horse that has the “tt” genes will have a smooth coat without curls.

Recessive curly coat genes mean that the horse has hidden genes that only come to the surface when the horse mates with a horse that carries the dominant genes. Offspring that inherit the dominant curly coat genes will then have curly coats.

When it comes to allergies, the Curly Horse’s hair is different from other horses. They have a unique combination of soft hair and guard hair, which makes them produce fewer allergens.

The structure of the hair sheds fewer flakes and dust and keeps the allergenic particles inside the coat.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, the Curly Horse is a fascinating breed that has a rich and complex history. With its curly coat and unique genetic makeup, it’s a horse that stands out from the rest.

Moreover, the Curly Horse’s hypoallergenic qualities make it an excellent choice for people who suffer from allergies. Whether you’re an experienced rider or simply looking for a new addition to your family, the Curly Horse is a beautiful and intelligent breed that’s well worth considering.

Temperament and Athleticism

The Curly Horse is a breed known for its admirable temperament as well as its unique coat. These horses are brave, smart, and have a steady disposition, making them an ideal fit for beginner and youth riders.

The Curly is a breed that naturally bonds with people, and they are highly trainable. It is not uncommon to see a Curly Horse competing in various disciplines across the industry.

However, their temperament and personality are what make them stand out among other breeds. Smart, Brave and Steady Temperament

Curly Horses have a natural courage and trust toward humans, which is why they can make excellent horses for people of all riding skills.

Beginnings riders will find these horses to be calm and reliable, while advanced riders will be impressed with their athleticism and abilities. The Curly Horse’s steady temperament makes them an excellent choice for various disciplines, as they don’t easily spook or get anxious.

These horses have incredible instincts and are quick to learn. When entrusted to training, an excellent relationship can be established between the handler and the horse.

The Curly Horse is known for its exceptional training capacity and often works well with novice trainers.

Athleticism and Versatility of Curly Horses in Different Disciplines

The Curly Horse’s athletic abilities are impressive, making them suitable for many disciplines. Likely due to its versatility, the Curly Horse can compete against other breeds in events such as dressage, western dressage, eventing, endurance, jumping, driving, and equine therapy.

The breed’s elegance and energy make them an excellent choice for dressage and western dressage events. This breed is known for its great lateral work and, when trained well, can show collection, extension, and flying changes with ease.

In endurance racing, the Curly Horse’s smooth gaits make them a fantastic choice for long-distance rides. They have strong endurance and stamina, which make them a perfect pick for this type of event.

Curly Horses also excel in jumping and eventing. With their bravery and trust towards humans, they are more likely to comply with complex course designs.

And when combined with their smart and brave temperament, Curly Horses can become a force to reckon with at almost any level of competition. In addition, Curly Horses are renowned for their talents when it comes to driving.

They can pull heavy loads and do it with grace and poise. Not only are Curly Horses useful for ranch work, but they are suitable for driving carriages, making them a popular choice among horse enthusiasts around the world.

Curly Horses are also known to be a suitable breed for equine therapy service. Their temperament and intelligence make for a well-rounded fit in this field.

Current Population and Registries

As of 2021, it is estimated that there are around 5000 Curly Horses in the world, with less than 10,000 in the United States alone. Despite the breed’s popularity among those who own them, Curly Horses remain a niche breed in the equine industry.

There are three main registries that keep the records of individual horses and protect breeding genetics. The three main Curly Horse registries include the American Bashkir Curly Horse Registry (ABCR), the International Curly Horse Organization (ICHO), and the American Curly Horse Association (ACHA).

Due to their unique qualities, Curly Horses have also found successes in dedicated sport horse classes offered by the United States Equestrian Federation. The United States Equestrian Federation offers specific sport horse classes for various types of horses, including eventing, dressage, and jumping.

Curly Horses have been seen to compete and win in these events regularly, indicating their conformation and athleticism in all aspects of riding disciplines.


The Curly Horse breed is a remarkable and rare breed. Not only are they unique in appearance, but they also offer an incredible temperament and exceptional athleticism.

Their versatility has allowed them to succeed in various disciplines such as driving, jumping, dressage, endurance, and even equine therapy. With only a few thousand horses worldwide, the Curly Horse is a rare breed that must be protected and preserved in the equine industry.

The Curly Horse is a unique and rare breed that boasts a fascinating history, hypoallergenic properties, an admirable temperament, and exceptional athleticism. This breed’s versatility has allowed it to compete successfully in different riding disciplines, become a therapeutic horse used in rehabilitation, and assist in ranch activities.

With less than 10,000 Curly Horses in the world, the breed’s protection and preservation is imperative. People interested in owning a Curly Horse can find them through one of the three main registries.

Curly Horse enthusiasts can be confident that their horse will have a striking appearance, hypoallergenic hair, a calm and intelligent personality, and an exceptional work ethic.


Q: Are all Curly Horses hypoallergenic?

A: The Curly Horse is known for being hypoallergenic. They have fewer allergen proteins due to the structure of their hair.

Q: What disciplines are Curly Horses suitable for? A: Curly Horses are versatile and can be trained to perform in various disciplines such as dressage, jumping, driving, endurance, and equine therapy.

Q: How many Curly Horses are there in the world? A: There are reported to be less than 10,000 Curly Horses in the world.

Q: What is the temperament of Curly Horses? A: The Curly Horse is a calm and steady breed known for its intelligence and trust towards humans.

Q: Can novice trainers handle a Curly Horse? A: Yes, Curly Horses are intelligent and have a natural bond with humans, making them an excellent choice for novice trainers.

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