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Jumping a Horse: Safety Measures Riding Position and Equipment Essentials

Horse Jumping: A Beginner’s Guide

Horse jumping is an exciting and exhilarating equestrian sport that requires skill and discipline. Riding a horse over a set of fences or obstacles requires focus, balance, and coordination between the rider and the horse.

Before attempting horse jumping, it is important to understand the risks and dangers involved. In this article, we will discuss the safety measures that must be taken before attempting to jump, the riding position for jumping a horse, and the importance of having proper equipment.

Before Starting to Jump

Safety Precautions

Horse jumping involves several safety risks, and it is essential to reduce the potential danger as much as possible.

  • Always have someone watch you while you ride.
  • Wear an approved ASTM riding helmet.

Head injuries can be very serious and even life-threatening. A helmet can provide you with the necessary protection in case of a fall or impact.

Essential Riding Skills

  1. Make sure you are comfortable at the walk, trot, and canter first. This will require you to have an independent seat.
  2. Thoroughly warm up your horse with a flatwork session.

Flatwork is an essential part of preparation for horse jumping. It involves exercises that stretch and strengthen the horse’s muscles, improving its flexibility, and reducing the risk of injury.

Riding Position for Jumping a Horse

To jump a horse properly, a correct riding position is essential. The two-point position is a fundamental position used in horse jumping. In this position, the rider stands in the stirrups while keeping their balance over the horse’s center of gravity. The position is called two-point because the rider is standing on two points, namely their lower leg and the horse’s back.

Leg Position for Two-Point

The leg position in two-point is crucial for maintaining balance and control. To achieve a good leg position, you must stand in your stirrups while keeping your heels down and your knees soft. Soft knees allow you to absorb the horse’s movements and maintain your balance. If you grip with your knees, you may become unbalanced and unable to control the horse.

Core Position for Two-Point

A good core position is essential in maintaining balance in the two-point position. Your waist should be closed, meaning that you contract your abdominal muscles to stay stable on the horse’s back. Engaging your core muscles will help you maintain control of your upper body and keep you from falling too far forward or backward.

Hand Position for Two-Point

In the two-point position, your hand should be midway up the horse’s neck, with your thumbs up and your shoulders back. This hand position helps to keep your balance while allowing the horse to move freely. Your hands should be soft and steady, allowing the horse to feel your contact and respond to your commands.

Proper Equipment

In addition to following proper safety measures and having a good riding position, it is also important to have proper equipment.

  • Your horse should have a set of appropriate equipment such as a well-fitted saddle, girth, bridle, and jumping boots.
  • The saddle should be secure and comfortable for both you and the horse. The girth should fit well, not too tight or too loose, and adjusted correctly.
  • The bridle should be fitted properly, with reins that are not too long or too short.
  • Jumping boots provide essential protection for your horse’s legs when jumping.

They are designed to protect your horse’s tendons and ligaments from impact and strain. There are several types of jumping boots, including tendon boots, fetlock boots, and ankle boots. Each type of boot provides different levels of protection and is designed to be used for specific areas of the horse’s leg.

Tips for Jumping a Horse

Start With a Cross Rail

Cross rails are an excellent way to start jumping a horse. Cross rails are inviting fences that are designed to be simple and easy to jump over. A cross rail is typically made up of two poles that cross in the center of the jump, making it easier for the horse to see and jump over.

Start by trotting over a cross rail. The important thing is to make your approach straight and centered. Concentrate on your balance and control, and keep your eyes up and focused on the center of the jump.

Trot Your First Jump

When jumping a horse for the first time, it is important to start with a trot. Trotting is a more stable gait that gives you more time to prepare and approach the jump. Before approaching the jump, make sure you have a steady rhythm and a good balance in your two-point position. Keep your eyes up and focused on the center of the jump.

As you approach the jump, maintain your rhythm, and control your horse’s speed. Remember to keep your reins soft but steady, and your legs relaxed and supportive.

Ride to the Jump Already in Your Two-Point

Riding to the jump already in your two-point position will help you maintain your balance, stability, and confidence when jumping. The two-point position helps you to keep the weight in your heels and maintain a good balance over the horse’s center of gravity.

Practicing two-point at the walk and trot will help you to become more comfortable and confident, and it will also help you to improve your timing when jumping.

How to Canter a Jump

Cantering a jump involves the same steps as trotting a jump, but with a little more speed and power. Before cantering, make sure you are comfortable trotting over cross rails.

Start by cantering on a circle around the jump. Then prepare for your approach by picking up an energetic, forward canter, while maintaining your balance in your two-point position. Again, keep your focus on the center of the jump. As you approach the jump, maintain your rhythm, and allow your horse to take off and land smoothly.

Helpful Tips When Jumping a Horse

  • Look Up! Looking up and forward is essential when jumping a horse. It helps to communicate confidence to your horse and increases the horse’s chances of jumping over the obstacle.
  • Grab Mane! Grabbing the horse’s mane is like wearing a seat belt while driving. It helps to stabilize your hands and secure your balance if you feel unbalanced or insecure as you go over the jump. This technique can be particularly helpful to beginner riders who are still developing their seat and balance.
  • Fold Your Elbows In, Not Out During the jump, it is critical to maintain a secure upper body by folding your elbows in. This position helps to keep your body stable and balanced over the jump. Do not open your elbows outwards! It will unbalance you, reduce control, and disturb your horse’s balance.
  • How to Tell Your Horse When to Jump Squeezing with your lower leg is a reliable way to encourage your horse to take off when jumping. Squeezing with the lower leg signals the horse to lift its chest, and move forward into the jump. Remember to do this approach gently because excessive squeezing may lead to the horse taking off too soon or too late.
  • Count Your Strides Counting your strides while approaching the jump can help you find a rhythm and adjust accordingly. Counting your strides also allows you to plan and adjust your approach to the jump if needed. For example, if you find that you are too close or too far from the jump, you can add or subtract strides accordingly.


Jumping a horse requires preparation, practice, and patience. The tips discussed will help improve your technique, build your confidence, and enjoy the experience of jumping. Remember to start small, practice at the trot, utilize the two-point position, and maintain your focus and balance. With time, practice, and patience, the experience of jumping a horse will become more comfortable and enjoyable.

In summary, jumping a horse requires proper safety measures, a correct riding position, and proper equipment. Starting with a cross rail, trotting your first jump, and riding to the jump already in your two-point position are some key tips for jumping a horse. Looking up, grabbing mane, folding your elbows in, squeezing with your lower leg, and counting your strides are additional tips that can help improve your technique. Remember to always prioritize safety and maintain good communication with your horse.

With practice, patience, and a willingness to learn, jumping a horse can be a thrilling and rewarding experience.


1. Is horse jumping a dangerous sport?

Horse jumping involves certain risks and potential dangers; however, by taking proper safety measures, one can significantly reduce the likelihood of injury.

2. Can a beginner learn how to jump a horse?

Anyone can learn how to jump a horse; however, it requires proper preparation, practice, and patience. Starting with small cross rails and practicing at the trot are ideal for beginners.

3. What equipment do I need to jump a horse?

Proper equipment for jumping a horse includes a well-fitted saddle, girth, bridle, and jumping boots.

4. Why is the two-point position important in jumping a horse?

The two-point position helps to keep the weight in your heels and maintain a good balance over the horse’s center of gravity, which is essential when jumping.

5. How can I communicate with my horse before jumping?

Squeezing with your lower leg is a reliable way to encourage your horse to take off when jumping. Keep in mind, excessive squeezing may lead to the horse taking off too soon or too late.

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