Got My Horse

Cracking the Code: Understanding Horse Communication for Better Relationships

Horse Communication: Beyond Vocalizations and Body Language

Horse communication goes beyond just vocalizations and body language. Horses have a sophisticated system of both verbal and nonverbal communication that is crucial for their survival.

Understanding their language can enhance your relationship with your horse and allows for a better understanding of their needs and emotions.

Horse Vocalizations: What They Mean

  • Whinnying or Neighing

    This vocalization is the most recognized sound of a horse. A whinny is a high pitched sound that can be heard over long distances. Horses whinny for several reasons such as greeting or calling out to other horses, expressing fear or distress, loneliness and when looking for a mate.

    When a mare is in heat, she will whinny and attract stallions to come close.

  • Nickering

    This is a low-pitched, soft, and breathy vocalization that sounds like a gentle laugh. Horses nicker to show affection, comfort, and trust. When you visit your horse, they may start to nicker as a way of greeting you.

  • Snort

    This is a sharp, explosive sound that comes from the nostrils and is usually accompanied by a burst of air. Horses snort when they are nervous or distracted.

    In addition, they use this vocalization to clear their nasal passages of dust or debris, display interest in something they smell, and alert other horses in their group of potential danger. Snorting can also be an indication of health problems such as breathing issues or allergies.

  • Squealing

    A high-pitched, whining sound followed by a shrill scream, is a sound often heard during playtime, or when horses are excited. Squealing can also indicate fear, distress, or pain and is most often heard during mating.

  • Groan

    Horses groan to communicate with humans when they are either in relaxation, exhaustion, or pain. For instance, when you massage your horse, they may groan in response to the pressure relief and relaxation of their muscles.

  • Sigh

    Horses make a soft exhale that sounds like a contented sigh when they feel relaxed. This vocalization means that the horse is experiencing a sense of contentment, relief, and comfort.

  • Scream

    This is a sound that is made when a horse is experiencing extreme fear, distress or pain. It can also be used when communication fails between horses, like when a mare is protecting her foal or during dominance-based altercations.

  • Roar

    This is a deep, grunting noise that horses make when they show aggression or territoriality. It often accompanies kicking towards the direction of the supposed enemy.

Understanding Horse Body Language

  • Ears

    Horse ears are a significant aspect of their body language. They use their ears to communicate their attention, confusion, fear, and relaxation.

    If a horse’s ears are pointed forward, they are paying attention. When their ears are flat and close to their head, they are fearful or angry.

    Cocked ears, which are directed sideways, show confusion or eagerness. The movement of the ears can tell a lot about the horse’s mood and disposition.

  • Tail Carriage

    The way a horse carries their tail expresses their emotions. High and stiff tail carriage represents excitement, while a tucked tail indicates fear or submission.

    A low carriage indicates relaxation. When a horse swishes their tail, it shows agitation, and flicking their tail showcases irritation.

  • Head and Neck Carriage

    A horse’s head and neck carriage are key indicators of their mood. A horse with their head raised high indicates dominance or curiosity.

    When their neck is tense and high, they are likely to be aggressive. Lowered head and neck indicate submission, relaxation, or discomfort.

  • Posture

    A horse’s posture conveys their personality and intent. Rigid, tense, and a slightly crouched posture indicate readiness and potential aggression.

    On the other hand, a relaxed and rounded posture conveys relaxation and submission. Horses that spread their legs indicate dominance, while crouched hind legs portray a fear response.

  • Eyes

    A horse’s eyes are highly expressive. Their wide-eyed look indicates fear, alertness, and anxiety.

    Relaxed eyelids convey a sense of trust, relaxation, and calmness. In conclusion, horses have a complex communication system, and understanding their language can improve the relationship that you have with them.

    Knowing their vocalizations, body language, and temperament can enhance how you communicate with your horse, and in turn, prevent accidents or misunderstandings. Pay attention, and you will see that your horse is always communicating with you.

Understanding Horse Touch

Horses have a wide range of ways in which they communicate with each other, and this extends to nonverbal communication using touch. Knowing how and why horses touch each other can give insight into their social dynamics and provide horse owners with important information to improve equine welfare.


Nuzzling often involves gently rubbing one’s nose or forehead against another horse or human. It’s an incredibly affectionate gesture, and it’s commonly used as a way to strengthen social bonds.

Research indicates that horses primarily exhibit nuzzling behaviors to show affection and comfort to other horses or humans. Horses can even nuzzle each other to show respect and admiration.

For instance, dominant horses will often nuzzle the lower-ranking ones to show them respect or comfort if they are in emotional distress.


Horses have a keen sense of smell, and they use that to smell other horses and their surroundings. They can detect various chemical signals that provide them with information about who they are interacting with.

Sniffing is a standard way for horses to investigate their surroundings, including other horses. They may also sniff at people as a way of exploring and distinguishing different smells.

Sniffing and nudging are often displayed together to show interest and curiosity. For example, two horses that are meeting for the first time will use these behaviors to discover each other.

When a mare is releasing pheromones while in heat, she attracts stallions to come close. Stallions find it hard to resist the tempting scent of the mare and will also nuzzle her and sniff her for further inspection.


Grooming is a behavior in which one horse uses their teeth, tongue, lips, or chin to nibble, rub, or scratch another’s coat. It’s a calming behavior that allows horses to bond socially, reduce anxiety, and alleviate stress.

Horses will groom the areas of their friends that they cannot reach by themselves, and it often involves rubbing or biting gently on the withers, neck, shoulder, and poll.

Grooming is a social way of interacting and a method of stress-relieving. Horses that are kept in groups frequently groom each other as a way of bonding and establishing hierarchies.

Horses do this as both a form of social interaction and to exhibit trust and affection towards each other. It’s essential to understand that this behavior is normal, and when horses are prevented from grooming each other, it may lead to frustration and tension.


Biting is a form of touching in which one horse uses their teeth to nip or grab another horse or human’s skin. It’s a behavior that is commonly associated with aggression or discomfort.

Biting can also be a method of response to discomfort caused by tight-fitting tack or blankets, and horses should be checked regularly to ensure that these items fit properly.

Biting can also be a way for horses to establish dominance. Horses often bite lower-ranking herd members to assert themselves.

It’s a way of telling the lower ranked horse that they are in charge and should be respected. It’s important to note that biting is not always aggressive or harmful, and horses will sometimes play-fight with their pasture mates.

However, in other cases, it can lead to injury and must be corrected. It’s essential to take steps to address biting in horses as it poses a danger to other horses and human handlers.

A horse that bites excessively may have behavioral problems and needs to be professionally trained. It’s also crucial horse owners to check their horse regularly for signs of discomfort, anxiety, or discomfort as these negative emotions might lead to biting.

In conclusion, touching is a crucial component of horse communication. It helps horses to bond socially, establish hierarchies, and communicate emotions.

It’s important for horse owners to understand the various ways in which horses touch each other, including nuzzling, sniffing, grooming, and biting. Being familiar with these behaviors can improve the horse-human relationship, improve horse welfare, and prevent conflicts between horses.

Horse communication is a multi-faceted process that includes vocalizations, body language, and touching. Understanding these various forms of communication can enhance the horse-human relationship and improve equine welfare.

Horse touching includes nuzzling, sniffing, grooming, and biting, and each behavior conveys different messages. Horse owners should take steps to understand these behaviors to communicate effectively with their horses, prevent conflicts, and improve their horses’ emotional well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Why do horses nuzzle each other?

    Horses nuzzle each other to show affection, comfort, and to strengthen social bonds.

  2. What does it mean when horses groom each other?

    Grooming is a behavior horses exhibit to bond socially, alleviate stress, and reduce anxiety.

  3. Is biting normal behavior for horses?

    Biting can be a normal response when feeling discomfort caused by tight-fitting tack or blankets. However, it can also be a sign of aggression or dominance and needs to be addressed.

  4. Why is it important for horse owners to understand horse communication?

    Understanding horse communication is crucial to develop a healthy relationship with your horse and improve their overall welfare.

Popular Posts