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Bucking Horses: Causes Fixes and Tips for Dealing with this Common Behavior

Horses are majestic creatures that have long been used for various activities, including transportation, sports, and recreation. They are beautiful animals, but they can also be unpredictable.

One of the most common behaviors displayed by horses is bucking. Bucking is defined as when a horse jumps up and down while its hind legs kick outward.

While some riders may enjoy the thrill of a small buck, it can be dangerous and even deadly if left unaddressed. Therefore, it is essential to understand why horses buck and how to fix it.

1) Reasons Why Horses Buck

As mentioned earlier, bucking can be attributed to various factors. Therefore, understanding the cause of this behavior is vital in determining the appropriate action to take.

Here are four common reasons why horses buck:

Energetic Bucking

Young horses or those with a lot of pent-up energy are prone to bucking. They are high-spirited and can be difficult to handle without proper training.

Additionally, horses that are fed high-energy diets or kept in stalls with little turnout time can become restless and uncontrollable, which can lead to bucking. It is, therefore, crucial to provide young horses with adequate turn-out time and ensure they have an active exercise routine that helps them release their pent-up energy.

Mad/Annoyed Bucking

Even with the best training, some well-trained horses may buck out of annoyance or anger. This is especially true for horses that get different riding cues from their riders, leading to confusion and frustration.

Novice riders who lack proper knowledge of horse training may also trigger this form of bucking. Therefore, it is essential to understand riding techniques, how to communicate with horses effectively and avoid using harsh training methods that may upset the horse.

Pain-Related Bucking

Horses, like any other animal, can experience a range of discomforts, and pain is a common cause of bucking. Saddle fit is an essential factor to keep in mind as poorly fitting saddles can cause discomfort.

Back soreness/injury can occur if a horse’s back muscles are strained or injured resulting in spasms. Improper bit placement or a bit that is too harsh can also cause pain, leading to bucking.

Horses should undergo a thorough examination by a qualified veterinarian to determine if any pain-related issues may be causing bucking.

Avoidance Bucking

Avoidance bucking often occurs when a horse has learned to avoid unpleasant situations. It’s a learned behavior that occurs when a horse feels it cannot cope with situations seemingly beyond its control.

Bucking can be a way for the horse to get out of uncomfortable situations. To address this form of bucking, it is crucial to teach horses obedience through firm training and having control of the situation.

2) How to Fix Bucking in Horses

Once the cause of the bucking has been identified, the appropriate action can be taken to address the issue. Here are some common fixes for each type of bucking:

Energetic Bucking Fixes

For energetic bucking, it is crucial to provide horses with ample turn-out time to release their pent-up energy. Reducing high-energy feed and providing hay and oats can also help to calm horses.

Ensuring that young horses undergo regular exercise routines can help prevent the occurrence of bucking.

Mad/Annoyed Bucking Fixes

To address mad and annoyed bucking, riders should work on improving their riding skills and understanding horse training.

Experienced riders can assist in establishing clear communication between the horse and its rider. Novices should familiarize themselves with proper techniques, and avoid frustrating or confusing the horse.

Pain-Related Bucking Fixes

For pain-related bucking, it’s essential to check saddle fit and back and bit placement regularly. Ensure that the horse is receiving appropriate medical care from a qualified veterinarian.

Doing so can help alleviate any pain or discomfort, which can prevent bucking and other undesirable behaviors.

Avoidance Bucking Fixes

To correct avoidance bucking, it’s important to train horses with a firm, yet gentle hand. Recognizing the signals that a horse is about to buck can help avoid unpleasant situations before they occur.

Regular training can help overcome avoidance bucking before it becomes an ingrained behavior.


Bucking is a common behavior displayed by horses that can result in serious injury or worse if left unaddressed. A proper understanding of the causes of bucking can help address the behavior effectively.

At the same time, the appropriate corrective measures ensure a safe and enjoyable experience for both horse and rider. Horses are beautiful animals that require patience, understanding, and attention from their caretakers.

By employing the various corrective measures highlighted in this article, horses are likely to continue to be the wonderful companions we all know and love. Horseback riding is a popular pastime enjoyed by many people worldwide.

It offers many benefits, including exercise, relaxation, and a connection with animals. However, one behavior that can be a serious problem for horseback riders is bucking.

Bucking can be dangerous for both the rider and the horse, leading to injuries, falls, and even death. Riders who regularly encounter bucking horses must take measures to deal with the behavior effectively.

Here are general tips for dealing with bucking horses:

Avoid Rushing to Judgment

Perhaps the most important tip when dealing with bucking horses is to avoid rushing to judgment. Bucking is a behavior that is often misunderstood, leading to unnecessary panic and aggression towards the horse.

Instead of immediately assuming the worst and reacting harshly, consider the possible reasons for the horses behavior. Every horse has its own personality, history, and preferences, and their communication usually occurs through body language.

As such, it is essential to take time to understand the horse’s communication language and create a good rapport.

Be Flexible

Being flexible in your approach to dealing with bucking horses is crucial. Adopting a one-size-fits-all approach is unlikely to work since horses learn and respond to different stimuli.

Instead, try different techniques and training methods. Beyond the initial training phase, continually observe the horse’s reactions and adjust your training method depending on the observation.

Remember, horses need consistency and proper training to learn and adopt new behaviors, so do not expect quick fixes.

Focus on Good Behavior

One of the most effective ways to deal with a bucking horse is to focus on good behavior and reinforce it positively. For example, when riding a horse and it does not buck, reward the horse with praise, treats, or a few minutes of rest.

This kind of reward system helps encourage good behavior, creating a behavioral culture that is rewarding for both horse and rider. Conversely, avoiding punishment and negativity helps to avoid forming negative associations with the horse and thus leads to problematic behavior.

When working with horses, it is essential to keep training sessions fun and positive for the horse.

Seek Help if Needed

If you are dealing with a particularly challenging horse that bucks frequently, do not hesitate to seek help. Experienced trainers can help identify possible causes of bucking, identify training issues from the horse-rider interaction, and design a corrective action plan that suits the situation and specific horse in question.

Suppose medical issues suspected to be the cause of bucking. In that case, it is essential to seek veterinary care before initiating any training plan to avoid worsening the experience.


Dealing with bucking horses can be challenging, but it can also be a rewarding experience. By understanding horses, taking a flexible approach, focusing on positive reinforcement, and seeking help when needed, riders can build trust with their horses and establish excellent communication that enables them to better understand each other.

Dealing with bucking horses requires patience, flexibility, and a willingness to learn from both negative and positive experiences. Still, with proper training and care, horses can become reliable and rewarding companions for riders.

Dealing with bucking horses is a challenge that all horseback riders will inevitably face. Understanding the reasons behind bucking, adopting flexible training, focusing on positive reinforcement, and seeking help when needed are all crucial steps in dealing with this behavior.

Remember to avoid rushing to judgment in dealing with horses and taking a one-size-fits-all approach. Instead, focus on positive reinforcement and seeking help from experienced trainers or veterinarians when necessary.

Take time to establish a good rapport with your horse and enjoy the benefits of a mutually fulfilling relationship.


Q: Why do horses buck?

A: Horses can buck for various reasons, including energetic bucking, mad/annoyed bucking, pain-related bucking, and avoidance bucking.

Q: How do I deal with a bucking horse?

A: To deal with a bucking horse, you can adopt a flexible approach, focus on positive reinforcement, seek help when needed, and avoid rushing to judgment.

Q: Is it safe to ride a bucking horse?

A: Riding a bucking horse can be dangerous and lead to injuries, falls, or death. Therefore, it is essential to address the behavior effectively before attempting to ride again.

Q: Can horses learn not to buck?

A: Yes, horses can learn not to buck through consistent and proper training, positive reinforcement, and a trusting relationship with their rider.

Q: What should I do if I suspect pain-related bucking?

A: If you suspect that your horses bucking is pain-related, it is essential to have the horse’s saddle fit, back, and bit placement checked by a veterinarian to determine the cause of the behavior.

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